QUALIDADE DE VIDA DOS PACIENTES COM CÂNCER ORAL: REVISÃO INTEGRATIVA DA LITERATURA

Denis Francisco Gonçalves de Oliveira, Débora Rejane Alves Cavalcante, Sthefane Gomes Feitosa

Resumo


O câncer oral geralmente exige tratamento cirúrgico associado ou não à radioterapia e/ou à quimioterapia, acarretando comprometimentos funcionais e estéticos que afetam a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Portanto, neste estudo, buscou-se analisar as principais evidências sobre a qualidade de vida existentes na literatura científica e apontar quais as principais dimensões da qualidade de vida afetadas em pacientes com câncer de cavidade oral, avaliados pelo Questionário da Universidade de Washington. Para tanto, fez-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura, com as seguintes etapas: adoção da questão norteadora, busca de artigos nas bases Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), coleta de dados, análise crítica, discussão dos resultados e construção da revisão. Foram selecionados e analisados 16 artigos, sendo que os principais resultados mostraram que: a maioria dos pacientes é do gênero masculino, encontra-se no fim da 6ª década de vida, foi diagnosticada em estágios avançados, tendo mastigação, paladar, deglutição e saliva como principais domínios da qualidade de vida comprometidos. Conclui-se que é necessário considerar tais domínios afetados no planejamento terapêutico desses pacientes, para que os cuidados sejam personalizados e adequados.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.36925/sanare.v19i1.1313

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